Inside:  There are many exciting jobs which require science qualifications. Many science jobs are even in such hot demand that they are projected to grow significantly in the next few years.

Jobs that Require Science Qualifications are so Important Now

There are many exciting jobs which require science qualifications.

Science has so many topics of study.  There are jobs available in all of those areas.  The environment in particular is a very hot topic.  Climate change is bringing with it changes in weather.  Weather changes lead to regional changes that make agriculture difficult.  Drought happens in some areas.  Flooding occurs in others.  Farmers have to adapt their practices and STEM graduates are often the innovators creating needed solutions.

Climate changes result in changes to the ability of animals to survive.  Some migrate into new areas.  Often that means disease carrying organisms move into areas they were not found before.  It also means that many animals cannot adapt and they go extinct.  Ecology, biology and environmental sciences give students the knowledge to study and solve these kinds of problems.

What are Jobs that Involve Science?

Some science jobs are even in such hot demand that they are projected to grow significantly in the next few years. They have good starting salaries as well.

Here are some of the top choices:

  1. Doctor
  2. Veterinarian
  3. Oceanography and Marine Biology
  4. Environmental Science
  5. Medical Researcher
  6. Health, Medical and Scientific Writer
  7. Biochemist
  8. Biophysicist
  9. Physicist
  10. Atmospheric Scientist and Meteorologist
  11. Climate Scientist
  12. Astronomer
  13. Agriculture and Food Scientist
  14. Archaeologist and Paleontologist
  15. Botanist and Forester
  16. Forensic Scientist and Crime Scene Investigator
  17. Pathologist
  18. Immunologist
  19. Epidemiologist



The world needs doctors. Because many populations around the world are living longer, the demand for health care will increase quickly.  In North America, competition to get into medical school is fierce.  Very  high averages in a post secondary degree are usually needed.  A psychological test is also required.

“Medical schools must select applicants who will not only excel academically but also possess personality traits befitting a career in medicine such as compassion, team working skills and integrity.”

Academically and physically, medical school is a tough choice.  But the rewards are awesome if you have the passion and staying-power (grit) to make it through medical school.


Animal care is required 24/7/365 in a range of locations, from small office-based practices to farms, zoos, animal shelters, and more.  Getting accepted into vet school is often more difficult than becoming a human doctor.  In Canada, there are only 2 schools for training in veterinary science.  High academic marks are a must as are the qualities of compassion and grit.

veterinary science requires a STEM degree

Image by David Mark from Pixabay

Oceanography and Marine Biology

If you have a strong love for animals and the sea you might devote yourself to animals that live in the ocean. Oceanographers study the sea, and marine biologists study the underwater creatures of our huge oceans.

Environmental Science

This is a rapidly growing field as more and more people become concerned about climate change, waste and toxic waste, loss or change of habitats, and more.  Climate scientists who study the change in weather and climate patterns over time are in very high demand.  People trained to protect our endangered species are also important.

marine biologists require science qualifications

Image by WikiImages from Pixabay

Medical Researcher

Not everyone with a medical degree becomes a doctor. Some devote themselves to research, such as lab work, clinical trials and data collection.  It is essential to have researchers who look for solutions to a variety of health concerns:

  • preventing disease,
  • treating conditions that become common with aging,
  • treating or curing cancer and autoimmune diseases.

I have a friend who is researching the development of a natural pacemaker made with human cells.  Crispr technology is making it possible to treat and cure genetic diseases.  STEM education produces people able to do these jobs.

Health, Medical and Scientific Writer

High-quality writing is always in demand thanks to the internet. Among the highest-paid writers are those who can write well about health, medicine and science for a variety of audiences.  If you can simplify science topics so that everyone from ordinary people to medical professionals can understand and enjoy the writing then you will be in high demand.  You will need to take continuing medical education (CME) classes regularly in order to maintain your qualifications.

Medical researchers science job

Image by Michal Jarmoluk from Pixabay


Biochemists study the effect of chemistry on living things.  They study molecules and chemical processes that occur in cells.  Specific careers a biochemist might take on include:

  • Microbiologist.
  • Botanist.
  • Food and Drug Inspector.
  • Pathologist.
  • Brewmaster.
  • Food Scientist.
  • Pharmaceutical Researcher.
  • Chemical Engineer.


Biophysicists study the impact of physics on living beings.  They use physics, math and chemistry to examine among other things:

  • how nerve cells communicate,
  • how plant cells capture light and turn it into energy,
  • changes in the DNA of healthy cells that create cancer cells


Physicists are in high demand.  There is always a shortage. The same is true of high school physics teachers, so both careers can be highly profitable.  Physicists study how matter behaves through space and time.  They also look at the relationship between energy and force.  Specific careers in physics include:

  • Meteorologist
  • Military engineer
  • Molecular physicist.
  • Nanotechnologist

Atmospheric Scientist and Meteorologist

These scientists study the Earth’s atmosphere and environments. They study trends in weather patterns and develop methods to better predict when severe storms will hit an area.  Climate change is increasing the need for expertise in these fields.  With the increase in mega-storms like hurricanes Katrina, Sandy and Maria, these are high-demand jobs that are well paid.

Meterologists require STEM education.

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If you’re fascinated by the night sky, a career as an astronomer could be the perfect choice for a prosperous career.   Astronomers study stars, planets, moons, comets and galaxies – either by direct observation through telescopes or in theory using math models.

Agriculture and Food Scientist

These careers involves trying to improve agriculture by finding better methods to grow our food. They study ways to use less pesticides and herbicides and better methods to make food production safer.  These scientists also help trace outbreaks of food-borne illnesses like E. coli and listeria.

Archaeologist and Paleontologist

These careers are a great combination of science and history. They are active careers often involving travel and physical labor working on digs. Archeologists study ancient civilizations and society.  They determine the nature and age of finds they dig up. Underwater archaeology is a highly skilled and more dangerous specialty for those who love to scuba dive.

Paleontologists study the evolution of life by digging up and examining fossil remains.  Anthropologists that study human bones are often involved in forensic cases when skeletal remains are found.

Botanist and Forester

These careers focus around plants and trees. In forestry, careful management of forests such as pruning, controlled burning, chopping down and planting are all involved.

Forensic Scientist and Crime Scene Investigator

If you love crime dramas on TV, you’ve seen these jobs that need a science degree.  Both of these jobs solve cases using science by trying to provide concrete evidence to figure out what happened in the course of a crime. These are exciting and explosive career choices. Read these posts I wrote a while back to check out some possibilities:

With court convictions relying more heavily than ever on accurate forensic data, these are growing fields worth considering.

Crime scene investigators.

Image by Raphi D from Pixabay


Some pathologists do post postmortems to determine cause of death. This is often part of a forensic investigation whenever a mysterious death takes place. But pathologists can also help the living, determining whether or not cancer is present in a cell sample, or what might be causing your stomach ache by examining a stool sample.


The pandemic present at the writing of this post has made this career choice very timely.  My youngest son has just been accepted into this field of study in university.  Immunologists look at the affect of disease causing microorganisms at the level of cells.  They look at how your immune system responds when your body is invaded by disease-causing organisms or particles.  Genetics, microbiology and biochemistry are important parts of the education process needed to enter this career.


Epidemiologists study the movement of disease through a population.  They try to figure out where the disease originated.  Tracing the movement of the disease through populations is also part of what they do.  Epidemiologists were vital during the corona virus pandemic of 2020.  Local epidemiologists try to determine what flu viruses are likely to affect their community so effective vaccines can be made.

Epidemiologists trace diseases.

Image by K. Kliche from Pixabay

What Job can I get with a Bachelor’s in Science?

A bachelor’s degree in science will be a starting place for all of the above jobs.  A bachelor’s degree in environmental science, science writing, and forensics will give you enough education to land a job in those fields.  Some college diploma’s can get you a job in fish and wildlife management and conservation officer.  Many of the above jobs, however, will require you to go beyond a bachelor’s degree.  Medical doctors, pathologists and veterinarians require post secondary education.  Immunology and epidemiology require work up to at least a master’s degree as do archaeologists and paleontologists.

There are so many exciting jobs at various levels of education that require science qualifications.  It is important to do all you can to encourage your kids to take an interest in science.  The younger you start, the better.

Read these other posts in the Importance of Science Series:


Jobs that need science qualifications.